WHAT ARE VARICOSE VEINS?
Veins carry blood from various parts of our body toward the heart through a one-way valve pipes call veins. When there is a weakness in the vein wall or a faulty valve, the valve stretches and no longer closes properly. The veins become visibly enlarged, filled with blood that does not flow normally, causing pain, swelling, discoloration, sores that won’t heal, blood clots and other problems, in addition to their unsightly appearance.
These enlarged veins are commonly called Spider veins or varicose veins. Spider veins are small red, blue or purple veins on the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are larger distended veins that are located somewhat deeper than spider veins. Reticular veins are medium size, greenish, non bulging, yet abnormally visible veins, seen most commonly behind the knees and on the outer surface of the thighs, and they represent an early stage varicose veins.
Types Of Varicose Veins
Spider veins – known in the medical world as telangiectasias are small, thin veins that lie close to the surface of the skin. Although these super-fine veins are connected with the larger venous system, they are not an essential part of it.
Reticular veins are medium size (1 to 4 mm) greenish, flat veins seen mostly in the legs at the outer aspect of the thigh or behind the knee and in the calf region, they are not quite large or protruding (bulging) veins but they could be unsightly.
VERICOSE VEINS :
a Weakened vein wall or a faulty valve, the valve stretches and no longer closes properly. The veins become visibly enlarged, filled with blood that does not flow normally, causing pain, swelling, discoloration and other problems.
Symptoms for Varicose Veins
You do not need to have the visible varicose veins but you may have the other symptoms like
- Heavy and uncomfortable legs after standing for a long time
- Swollen feet and ankles
- Burning or throbbing in your legs or feet
- Muscle cramps in your legs (particularly at night)
- Dry, itchy and thin skin over the affected vein Usually, symptoms are worse during warm weather and lengthy periods of standing and sitting.