Acne is common in teenagers because of excessive hormone production of androgens during puberty. These hormones make the oil glands produce more sebum and also clog the pores of your skin. It can also occur as a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy or when birth control pills are started or stopped. In addition, heredity may also play a role, where it runs in families. The use of certain drugs containing lithium and oily creams can also contribute to acne. In women, acne frequently worsens at the time of menstruation. Acne cannot be cured; it can only be controlled with treatment.
Acne is often treated by medicines that may be applied to the skin or taken by mouth. There are several over-the-counter medicines used. These medicines are available in many forms like gels, lotions, creams or soaps. Prescription medicines such as antibiotics or Accutane (vitamin A derivative) are recommended if the problem persists.
Blue light therapy
Blue light therapy is an excellent acne treatment for many people. The blue light penetrates deep within the skin to destroy acne-causing bacteria, clearing the acne, and helping prevent future breakouts. Blue light is gentle to use (painless) and reveals a clear and healthy complexion.
This procedure involves application of a photosensitiser cream to the skin to make it more sensitive to light. Once the cream is dried, you will be placed under the blue light. The optimal light depends on the ideal wavelength for the particular cream (drug) used, and the target tissue. The treated area will be washed after completion of the treatment. You will need to protect the skin with a sunscreen lotion. An ideal treatment with blue light requires many sessions to achieve the desired results.
The common side effects include redness and swelling of the treated areas, skin dryness, and pigment changes.
Skin care products or peel
Facial peel is a skin-resurfacing procedure that involves application of a chemical solution to the damaged facial areas (acne). The procedure is meant to peel away the superficial layers of the skin (exfoliation), giving you a youthful and unblemished complexion. Facial peels are a very popular non-surgical cosmetic procedure.
Facial peels vary according to their specific ingredients and their strength. The peeling action depends on the duration the solution remained on the skin, and the depth of application. Superficial/light, medium, or deep are the various depths at which the solution can be applied to achieve the desired appearance.
You will be prescribed with antibiotics or antiviral drugs to prepare the skin for the peel and fasten the healing process. Facial peels are usually done as an outpatient procedure. The first step involves thorough cleansing of your face. Your surgeon will select the solution that best suits for the treatment of your damaged skin. A deep chemical peel may require sedation (local anaesthesia) to numb the areas of treatment.
Using a cotton pad or a brush, the chemical is applied to the areas to be treated. While the chemical remains on the skin, you might feel a burning or stinging sensation for a few minutes. Cool saline compresses will be used to ease the sensation. A deep peel wound requires a surgical dressing.
The complications of facial peel include redness, scarring, infection, cold sores, and darkening of skin.
Skin care tips
Practicing some skin care tips may prevent acne from developing or becoming worse.
- Cleanse your skin gently with a mild cleanser twice a day. Avoid using strong soaps or rough scrubs as overstimulation can make the problem worse.
- After cleansing, astringent solution can be used to wipe off excess oil. Do not try to squeeze the lesions as this can lead to permanent scarring.
- Use cosmetics sparingly, and make sure to use products labeled “oil–free” and “non–comedogenic” which means it won’t block your pores and aggravate the condition.
- Protect your skin from tanning by wearing a sunscreen daily.